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Moh Hatta, The First Vice President of Indonesia

Moh Hatta, who is often known by Mohammad Hatta, is the first vice president of Indonesia. Moh Hatta is a proclaimer who plays an important role in Indonesia’s Independence. Moh Hatta was well respected by the Indonesian people, bearing in mind that his struggle against Indonesian independence was enormous.

Let’s get to know more about Indonesia National Figure, Moh Hatta!

1. Biography

Mohammad Hatta was born in Bukittinggi, West Sumatra on August 12, 1902. The original name of Moh Hatta was Mohammad Athar. Muhammad Djamil, his father was a religious leader who died when Moh Hatta was 8 months old. So Moh Hatta was raised by his mother’s family which come from a merchant’s family. Since childhood, he has been educated and raised in a family environment that is devout in carrying out the teachings of the Islamic religion. His paternal grandfather, Abdurahman Batuhampar, was known as the ulema founder of Surau Batuhampar, a bit of the surau that survived after the Padri War.

When he was a teenager, Moh Hatta studied Islam, Dutch and followed various lectures and political gatherings. Not only the meeting was chaired by Sutan Ali Said who incidentally was a local. But Moh Hatta also attended meetings filled with people outside Java such as Abdul Moeis from the Islamic Union. 

Hatta married Rahmi Hatta and three days after they were married, they resided in Yogyakarta. Then, blessed with 3 daughters named Meutia Farida Hatta, Gemala Rabi’ah Hatta, and Halida Nuriah Hatta.

2. Education

Mohammad Hatta first received formal education at a private school. After six months, he moved to a public school and was in the same class as his sister Rafiah. However, the lesson stopped in the middle of the third grade. He then moved to ELS in Padang (now Padang 1 High School) until 1913, then continued to MULO until 1917. In addition to general knowledge, he had been forged in religious sciences since childhood. He had studied religion with Muhammad Jamil Jambek, Abdullah Ahmad, and several other scholars. Besides family, trade influenced Hatta’s attention to the economy. In Padang, he knew traders who were members of the Trade Union and were also active in Jong Sumatranen Bond as treasurers. He continued his activities when he attended Prins Hendrik School. Mohammad Hatta remains treasurer in Jakarta.

His grandfather intends to go to Mecca, and on that occasion, he can bring Mohammad Hatta to continue his studies in the field of religion, namely to Egypt (Al-Azhar). This is done to improve the quality of the mosque in Batu Hampar which has declined since the abandonment of Sheikh Abdurrahman. But, this was protested and suggested his uncle, Idris to replace him. According to Amrin Imran’s notes, Mr. Gaeknya was disappointed and Sheikh Arsyad eventually handed it over to God.

3. Influence

In 1926, with the aim of introducing the name “Indonesia”, Hatta led a delegation to the International Democratic Congress for Peace in Bierville, France. Without much opposition, “Indonesia” was officially recognized by the congress. The name “Indonesia” to refer to the Dutch East Indies when it was truly known among international organizations. As a result Hatta was known as “The Founding Father’s of Indonesia”

Hatta and the Indonesian national movement gained important experience in the League Against Imperialism and Colonial Oppression, an international congress held in Brussels on 10-15 February 1927. At this congress Hatta became acquainted with leaders of the labor movement such as G. Ledebour and Edo Fimmen, as well as figures who later became statesmen in Asia and Africa such as Jawaharlal Nehru (India), Hafiz Ramadhan Bey (Egypt), and Senghor (Egypt), and Senghor (Egypt) Africa). His personal friendship with Nehru began since then. In 1927, Hatta and Nehru were invited to give a lecture for the “International Women’s League for Peace and Freedom” in Gland, Switzerland. The title of the lecture is Hatta L ‘Indonesie et son Probleme de I’ Independence (Indonesia and the Problem of Independence).

On August 18, 1945, Ir Soekarno was appointed as President of the Republic of Indonesia and Drs. Mohammad Hatta was appointed Vice President of the Republic of Indonesia. Soekardjo Wijopranoto argued that the President and Vice-President must be a dual.

Indonesia must maintain its independence from the Dutch Government’s efforts to re-colonize. The Government of the Republic of Indonesia moved from Jakarta to Yogyakarta. Two negotiations with the Netherlands resulted in the Linggarjati Agreement and the Reville Agreement, but always ended in failure due to Dutch fraud.

To seek foreign support, in July 1947, Bung Hatta went to India to meet Jawaharlal Nehru and Mahatma Gandhi. disguised as a copilot named Abdullah (the pilot of the aircraft was Biju Patnaik who later became Minister of Indian Steel during the Government of Prime Minister Morarji Desai).

December 19, 1948, the Netherlands launched a second aggression. The President and Vice President were taken prisoner and exiled to Bangka. But the struggle of the Indonesian people to maintain independence continues to flare everywhere. Panglima Besar Sudirman continued to lead the armed struggle. On December 27, 1949 in The Hague, Bung Hatta presided over the Indonesian Delegation at the Round Table Conference to receive recognition of Indonesian sovereignty from Queen Juliana. Bung Hatta also became Prime Minister when the Republic of Indonesia was established. Furthermore, after RIS became the Unitary State of the Republic of Indonesia, Bung Hatta returned to be the Vice President.

The struggle of the Indonesian people is not in vain. On 27 December 1949, QueenJuliana gave recognition to Indonesia’s sovereignty to Hatta.

After the absolute independence of the Republic of Indonesia, Hatta remained active in giving lectures at various educational institutions. He is also still active in writing various kinds of essays and guiding the cooperative movement according to what he aspires. On July 12, 1951, Hatta made a speech on the radio about the anniversary of the Cooperative, and five days later he was appointed as the Father of Indonesian Cooperatives.

4. The Death Of Moh Hatta

Hatta died on March 14, 1980 pk18. at Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital in Jakarta after eleven days he was treated there. During his life, Bung Hatta was hospitalized 6 times in 1963, 1967, 1971, 1976, 1979, and finally on March 3, 1980. The next day, he was buried in his residence on Jalan Diponegoro 57, Jakarta and buried in TPU Tanah Kusir Jakarta was welcomed with a state ceremony led directly by the then Vice President, Adam Malik. He was named a hero of the proclamator in 1986 by the the second president, Suharto government.

Moh Hatta is a hero who has a very important role for Indonesia. He was an honorable man worthy to be an inspirations.

“There is only one country that deserves to be my country. That grows with deeds and those deeds are mine. ”

– Moh Hatta

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